IqSoNeo

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Phase I Variables (polity-based)

General variables

♠ RA ♣ Enrico Cioni ♥

♠ Original name ♣ ♥

♠ Alternative names ♣ ♥

♠ Peak Date ♣ ♥


Temporal bounds

♠ Duration ♣ 9000-5501 BCE ♥

♠ Degree of centralization ♣ ♥

♠ Supra-polity relations ♣ ♥

Supra-cultural relations

♠ preceding (quasi)polity ♣ ♥
♠ relationship to preceding (quasi)polity ♣ ♥
♠ succeeding (quasi)polity ♣ ♥
♠ Supracultural entity ♣ ♥
♠ scale of supra-cultural interaction ♣ ♥ km squared.

♠ Capital ♣ ♥


Language

♠ Language ♣ ♥

General Description

Social Complexity variables

♠ RA ♣ Enrico Cioni ♥

Social Scale

♠ Polity territory ♣ suspected unknown ♥ in squared kilometers

♠ Polity Population ♣ suspected unknown ♥ People.

♠ Population of the largest settlement ♣ suspected unknown ♥ Inhabitants.

Hierarchical Complexity

♠ Settlement hierarchy ♣ [1-2] ♥ levels. Nothing in the sources indicate a particularly elaborate settlement hierarchy.

♠ Administrative levels ♣ ♥ levels.

♠ Religious levels ♣ ♥ levels.

♠ Military levels ♣ ♥ levels.

Professions

♠ Professional military officers ♣ ♥

♠ Professional soldiers ♣ ♥

♠ Professional priesthood ♣ ♥

Bureaucracy characteristics

♠ Full-time bureaucrats ♣ ♥

♠ Examination system ♣ ♥

♠ Merit promotion ♣ ♥

♠ Specialized government buildings ♣ absent ♥ [1]

Law

♠ Formal legal code ♣ ♥

♠ Judges ♣ ♥

♠ Courts ♣ ♥

♠ Professional Lawyers ♣ ♥

Specialized Buildings: polity owned

♠ irrigation systems ♣ inferred absent ♥ [2]
♠ drinking water supply systems ♣ inferred absent ♥ [3]
♠ markets ♣ inferred absent ♥ [4]
♠ food storage sites ♣ inferred absent ♥ [5]

Transport infrastructure

♠ Roads ♣ ♥
♠ Bridges ♣ ♥
♠ Canals ♣ ♥
♠ Ports ♣ ♥

Special purpose sites

♠ Mines or quarries ♣ ♥

Information

Writing System

♠ Mnemonic devices ♣ ♥
♠ Nonwritten records ♣ ♥
♠ Written records ♣ ♥
♠ Script ♣ ♥
♠ Phonetic alphabetic writing ♣ ♥

Kinds of Written Documents

♠ Lists, tables, and classifications ♣ ♥
♠ Calendar ♣ ♥
♠ Sacred Texts ♣ ♥
♠ Religious literature ♣ ♥
♠ Practical literature ♣ ♥
♠ History ♣ ♥
♠ Philosophy ♣ ♥
♠ Scientific literature ♣ ♥
♠ Fiction ♣ ♥


Money

♠ Articles ♣ ♥
♠ Tokens ♣ ♥
♠ Precious metals ♣ ♥
♠ Foreign coins ♣ ♥
♠ Indigenous coins ♣ ♥
♠ Paper currency ♣ ♥

Postal System

♠ Couriers ♣ ♥
♠ Postal stations ♣ ♥
♠ General postal service ♣ ♥

Warfare variables

♠ RA ♣ Enrico Cioni ♥

Military Technologies

Military use of Metals

♠ Copper ♣ absent ♥ [6]
♠ Bronze ♣ absent ♥ [7]
♠ Iron ♣ absent ♥ [8]
♠ Steel ♣ absent ♥ [9]

Projectiles

♠ Javelins ♣ inferred absent ♥ "As with the rest of the Near East, there is little evidence for warfare in Neolithic Mesopotamia."[10]
♠ Atlatl ♣ absent ♥ New World weapon.
♠ Slings ♣ inferred absent ♥ "As with the rest of the Near East, there is little evidence for warfare in Neolithic Mesopotamia."[11]
♠ Self bow ♣ inferred absent ♥ "As with the rest of the Near East, there is little evidence for warfare in Neolithic Mesopotamia."[12]
♠ Composite bow ♣ absent ♥ "The later third-millennium development of the composite bow revolutionized warfare."[13]
♠ Crossbow ♣ ♥
♠ Tension siege engines ♣ ♥
♠ Sling siege engines ♣ ♥
♠ Gunpowder siege artillery ♣ ♥
♠ Handheld firearms ♣ absent ♥

Handheld weapons

♠ War clubs ♣ inferred absent ♥ "As with the rest of the Near East, there is little evidence for warfare in Neolithic Mesopotamia."[14]
♠ Battle axes ♣ inferred absent ♥ "As with the rest of the Near East, there is little evidence for warfare in Neolithic Mesopotamia."[15]
♠ Daggers ♣ inferred absent ♥ "As with the rest of the Near East, there is little evidence for warfare in Neolithic Mesopotamia."[16]
♠ Swords ♣ inferred absent ♥ "As with the rest of the Near East, there is little evidence for warfare in Neolithic Mesopotamia."[17]
♠ Spears ♣ absent ♥ "It was not until iron came into widespread use in the early first millennium that swords in particular and iron weapons in general began to replace the more expensive bronze spears, arrowheads, axes, and daggers of earlier times."[18]
♠ Polearms ♣ inferred absent ♥ "As with the rest of the Near East, there is little evidence for warfare in Neolithic Mesopotamia."[19]

Animals used in warfare

♠ Dogs ♣ suspected unknown ♥
♠ Donkeys ♣ absent ♥ "In Iraq and Syria domesticated donkey appeared during the Late Uruk period (ca. 3600-3100 BCE) at Uruk (Boessneck et al., p. 166), Tell Rubeidheh (Payne, pp. 99-100), and Habuba Kabira (Strommenger and Bollweg, pp. 354-55)".[20]
♠ Horses ♣ absent ♥ "In Iraq and Syria domesticated donkey appeared during the Late Uruk period (ca. 3600-3100 BCE) at Uruk (Boessneck et al., p. 166), Tell Rubeidheh (Payne, pp. 99-100), and Habuba Kabira (Strommenger and Bollweg, pp. 354-55)".[21]
♠ Camels ♣ absent ♥ "In Iraq and Syria domesticated donkey appeared during the Late Uruk period (ca. 3600-3100 BCE) at Uruk (Boessneck et al., p. 166), Tell Rubeidheh (Payne, pp. 99-100), and Habuba Kabira (Strommenger and Bollweg, pp. 354-55)".[22]
♠ Elephants ♣ absent ♥ "In Iraq and Syria domesticated donkey appeared during the Late Uruk period (ca. 3600-3100 BCE) at Uruk (Boessneck et al., p. 166), Tell Rubeidheh (Payne, pp. 99-100), and Habuba Kabira (Strommenger and Bollweg, pp. 354-55)".[23]

Armor

♠ Wood, bark, etc ♣ ♥
♠ Leather, cloth ♣ ♥
♠ Shields ♣ inferred absent ♥ "As with the rest of the Near East, there is little evidence for warfare in Neolithic Mesopotamia."[24]
♠ Helmets ♣ inferred absent ♥ "As with the rest of the Near East, there is little evidence for warfare in Neolithic Mesopotamia."[25]
♠ Breastplates ♣ inferred absent ♥ "As with the rest of the Near East, there is little evidence for warfare in Neolithic Mesopotamia."[26]
♠ Limb protection ♣ inferred absent ♥ "As with the rest of the Near East, there is little evidence for warfare in Neolithic Mesopotamia."[27]
♠ Chainmail ♣ ♥
♠ Scaled armor ♣ ♥
♠ Laminar armor ♣ ♥
♠ Plate armor ♣ ♥

Naval technology

♠ Small vessels (canoes, etc) ♣ ♥
♠ Merchant ships pressed into service ♣ ♥
♠ Specialized military vessels ♣ ♥

Fortifications

♠ Settlements in a defensive position ♣ suspected unknown ♥
♠ Wooden palisades ♣ inferred absent ♥ "As with the rest of the Near East, there is little evidence for warfare in Neolithic Mesopotamia."[28]
♠ Earth ramparts ♣ inferred absent ♥ "As with the rest of the Near East, there is little evidence for warfare in Neolithic Mesopotamia."[29]
♠ Ditch ♣ inferred absent ♥ "As with the rest of the Near East, there is little evidence for warfare in Neolithic Mesopotamia."[30]
♠ Moat ♣ inferred absent ♥ "As with the rest of the Near East, there is little evidence for warfare in Neolithic Mesopotamia."[31]
♠ Stone walls (non-mortared) ♣ inferred absent ♥ "As with the rest of the Near East, there is little evidence for warfare in Neolithic Mesopotamia."[32]
♠ Stone walls (mortared) ♣ inferred absent ♥ "As with the rest of the Near East, there is little evidence for warfare in Neolithic Mesopotamia."[33]
♠ Fortified camps ♣ inferred absent ♥ "As with the rest of the Near East, there is little evidence for warfare in Neolithic Mesopotamia."[34]
♠ Complex fortifications ♣ inferred absent ♥ "As with the rest of the Near East, there is little evidence for warfare in Neolithic Mesopotamia."[35]
♠ Long walls ♣ 0 ♥ km.
♠ Modern fortifications ♣ absent ♥


Phase II Variables (polity-based)

Religion and Normative Ideology

Deification of Rulers

Normative Ideological Aspects of Equity and Prosociality

Moralizing Supernatural Powers

♠ Moral concern is primary ♣ unknown ♥
♠ Moralizing enforcement is certain ♣ unknown ♥
♠ Moralizing norms are broad ♣ unknown ♥
♠ Moralizing enforcement is targeted ♣ unknown ♥
♠ Moralizing enforcement of rulers ♣ unknown ♥
♠ Moralizing religion adopted by elites ♣ unknown ♥
♠ Moralizing religion adopted by commoners ♣ unknown ♥
♠ Moralizing enforcement in afterlife ♣ unknown ♥
♠ Moralizing enforcement in this life ♣ unknown ♥
♠ Moralizing enforcement is agentic ♣ unknown ♥

These data were reviewed by expert advisors and consultants. For a detailed description of these data, refer to the relevant Analytic Narratives, reference tables, and acknowledgements page. [36] [37] [38]

References

  1. (Selin Nugent, pers. comm. with Enrico Cioni, 2019)
  2. (Selin Nugent, pers. comm. with Enrico Cioni, 2019)
  3. (Selin Nugent, pers. comm. with Enrico Cioni, 2019)
  4. (Selin Nugent, pers. comm. with Enrico Cioni, 2019)
  5. (Selin Nugent, pers. comm. with Enrico Cioni, 2019)
  6. pers. comm., Selin Nugent 2019
  7. pers. comm., Selin Nugent 2019
  8. pers. comm., Selin Nugent 2019
  9. pers. comm., Selin Nugent 2019
  10. (Hamblin 2006: 33) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/4WM3RBTD.
  11. (Hamblin 2006: 33) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/4WM3RBTD.
  12. (Hamblin 2006: 33) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/4WM3RBTD.
  13. (McIntosh 2005: 188) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/KK2E3KMD.
  14. (Hamblin 2006: 33) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/4WM3RBTD.
  15. (Hamblin 2006: 33) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/4WM3RBTD.
  16. (Hamblin 2006: 33) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/4WM3RBTD.
  17. (Hamblin 2006: 33) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/4WM3RBTD.
  18. (McIntosh 2005: 190) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/KK2E3KMD.
  19. (Hamblin 2006: 33) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/4WM3RBTD.
  20. (Potts 2012) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/DWHJQHHJ.
  21. (Potts 2012) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/DWHJQHHJ.
  22. (Potts 2012) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/DWHJQHHJ.
  23. (Potts 2012) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/DWHJQHHJ.
  24. (Hamblin 2006: 33) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/4WM3RBTD.
  25. (Hamblin 2006: 33) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/4WM3RBTD.
  26. (Hamblin 2006: 33) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/4WM3RBTD.
  27. (Hamblin 2006: 33) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/4WM3RBTD.
  28. (Hamblin 2006: 33) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/4WM3RBTD.
  29. (Hamblin 2006: 33) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/4WM3RBTD.
  30. (Hamblin 2006: 33) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/4WM3RBTD.
  31. (Hamblin 2006: 33) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/4WM3RBTD.
  32. (Hamblin 2006: 33) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/4WM3RBTD.
  33. (Hamblin 2006: 33) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/4WM3RBTD.
  34. (Hamblin 2006: 33) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/4WM3RBTD.
  35. (Hamblin 2006: 33) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/4WM3RBTD.
  36. http://seshatdatabank.info/databrowser/moralizing-supernatural-punishment-acknowledgements.html
  37. http://seshatdatabank.info/databrowser/moralizing-supernatural-punishment-narratives.html
  38. http://seshatdatabank.info/databrowser/moralizing-supernatural-punishment-nga_tables.html